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The city of Ratlam during ancient times was known as Ratnapuri . The city located in the Malwa region is one of the prominent city of Madhya Pradesh. The city is approximately 1,575 feet above the sea level and has sub tropical climate. Ratlam is located at coordinates: 23°19'0'N 75°04'0'E and has an area of 15.13 square miles (39.19 km²). The city in Central India is majorly known for its gold and jewelry designs.The city has evolved as a commercial hub of the country. With the population of 273,892 according to the last census in 2011, the city is developing with a fast pace. The city along with other developed cities has been increasingly contributing in the economy of Madhya Pradesh.
Climate of Ratlam
Like most of the parts of Madhya Pradesh,
Ratlam has a humid sub tropical climate. Mainly three different types of
season are observed in this region. The seasons are mainly classified
as summer, winter and monsoon. The period between mid March to June witnesses summer. During the mid April the temperature can reach around
44 degree Celsius making the climate extremely hot and humid. In late July with the onset of monsoon the
temperature comes down to 38 degree Celsius with the significant
increase in humidity. The average rainfall in Ratlam is recorded up to
37 inches. Heavy rain lashes however gives relief from scotching heat. From November to February the cold winters sweeps over Ratlam. The lowest temperature
recorded in the city during the winter season is 4 degree Celsius. Some
time due to the south west monsoon the rainy period extends up to the
mid of October.
Topography of Ratlam
Ratlam is bounded by Mandsaur District to the north, Dhar District to the south, Ujjain District to the west, Jhalawar District of Rajasthan state to the northwest, Jhabua District to the southeast, and Chittorgarh District of Rajasthan to the east. Ratlam is located
on Malwa plateau which had volcanic origin and it extends up to Vindhya
ranges in central India.
Soil Texture of Ratlam
a part of Malwa plateau, the black soil is dominates the region. The
mineral rich soil imparts the black color. The soil found in Ratlam is very fertile soil and requires less irrigation. The
moisture holding capacity of the soil helps in the cultivation of crops.
The occasional winter during the month of February helps in germination
Vegetation of Ratlam
The regions of Ratlam
are mainly covered with tropical dry forest having neem , teak and shisham. The harsh summers causes drying of the forest especially the
herbs and shrubs causing desertification in some regions. The forest is inhabited by Bhills, Gadia and other local tribes of the region.
Demography of Ratlam
As per the last recorded census in the year of 2011, the population of the Ratlam was around 264,810, of which 135,007 were male and 129,803 were female. The population density was 107 people per square mile (277/km²).
Rivers in Ratlam
The region of Ratlam city is nourished by two main rivers in Madhya Pradesh. The river Chambal flows through the region while the river Shipra just touches the city of Ratlam before joining in the River Chambal. The river has been an integral part of the life line of people as majority of the population depends on agriculture. The farmer uses the river water for irrigation purpose. Also the river provides livelihood for fishermen. The nearby houses and industries get their water supply from these rivers. The river water encourages the growth of vegetation along its way which maintains the ecological balance in the region.
Ratlam at Glance
Country : India State : Madhya Pradesh Region : Malwa District : Ratlam Languages: Malwi , Hindi PIN : 457001 Telephone Code : 07412 Altitude:1,575 feet above sea level Climate : Humid subtropical climate Precipitation : 937 millimetres (36.9 in) Avg. annual temperature : 24 °C (75 °F) Avg. summer temperature : 28 °C (82 °F) Avg. winter temperature : 16 °C (61 °F) Website : www.ratlam.nic.in